Phosphate once made this tiny island very rich. For millions of years the building up of piles of bird droppings and coral, left major deposits (pardon the pun) of this valuable resource.

The phosphate was discovered in 1893 when a fossilised tree was analysed and found to contain phosphate.

The island has a band of fertile soil on the coast but the rest became barren rock and pinnacles, where phosphate was removed. Nauru became a republic on 31st January 1968 and is now better known for the Illegal Immigrant Detention Centre placed on Australia’s behalf.